The Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority (EAEA)

Early on, Egypt had the vision of embarking into the atomic age and foresaw the vital role of peaceful applications of atomic energy. In 1955, the Egyptian Atomic Energy Commission was established and in 1957, Act No. 288 promulgated establishing the Atomic Energy Establishment. Then it was developed over the years to be the country's leading institution in promoting the peaceful applications of nuclear science and technology in different fields. The Atomic Energy Authority now consists of three major scientific centers, namely, the Nuclear Research Center (NRC), The National Center for Radiation Research and Technology (NCRRT) and the Hot Laboratories and Waste Management Center (HLWMC). Theses centers are subdivided into major research divisions. This is in addition to two large projects: the Complex of Egypt Second Research Reactor (ETRR-2) and The Cyclotron Accelerator.

Egypt's strategy in the field of peaceful applications of atomic energy is based on:

• Enhancing the use of peaceful applications of atomic energy to serve society and sustainable development in Egypt; • Securing the Egyptian environment against radiation hazards; • ensuring transparency in all nuclear activities in Egypt; • increasing the public awareness of the benefits of peaceful applications of atomic energy in different fields; • Adhering to full commitment to all international conventions and agreements; • Developing well trained human resources.

Historical Background

The Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority (EAEA) has, since its establishment 50 years ago, developed to be the major national scientific institution devoted for R & D in the peaceful applications of Atomic Energy. The EAEA spared no effort, from the mid – fifties to train scientists in the topmost universities and research institutes in the world and to acquire R&D facilities in basic and applied nuclear research. EAEA is divided into four research centres.These four centres are subdivided into major research divisions. This is illustrated in the EAEA organization chart. Through the integrated and concerted planning between these centres, the activities of the EAEA run into four major fields: Research and technological projects. Radiation protection and safety. Society services activities. Regional and international cooperation.

Regional and international cooperation.

At present more than 1400 highly qualified academic scientists in various fields of nuclear science and engineering, supported by about 2300 technical staff, 1300 administrative staff, represent the driving force for R & D in the nuclear science and technology. The EAEA is also privileged to have a highly qualified and experienced staff, some of whom are holding key positions in the International Atomic Energy Agency and other regional and international organizations.The EAEA shall continue to assume her national role in promoting the peaceful applications of nuclear science and technology for the welfare of the Egyptian people.